Calderini, Domizio (1446-1478)
Domizio Calderini was born in early 1446 in Torri del Benaco at Lake Garda (Domitius is a classizising transformation of his christian name Dominicus, which continued to be used, mainly in official documents). His father Antonio, a notary, maintained a household in Verona; there Domizio began his classical education studying with Antonio Brognanigo (Broianicus). He continued his studies in Venice with Benedetto Brugnoli, probably already before the latter's appointment to a position at the San Marco school (1 June 1466); at the same time he may have given elementary tutoring himself (e. g. to Francesco Negri?). Around 1466-67 Calderini transferred to Rome, where he gained a position as secretary in Bessarion's household.
Calderini's entry into Bessarion's familia conincided with what was to be the last phase of a controversy about the relative superiority of Platonism or Aristotelianism, which dated back to 1439. It had flared up again with an attack on Platonism by George of Trebizond, which was countered by Bessarion and the intellectuals around him (Fernando da Cordova, Giovanni Andrea Bussi, Theodore Gaza). George of Trebizond's cause was taken up by his son, Andrea, who put together a collection of testimonia, the Contra Platonem ex doctorum auctoritate. Against this work Calderini in 1470 wrote an invective, modelled on Cicero's orations against Catiline; it had the form of a letter addressed to Francesco Barozzi, bishop of Treviso, a relative of the pope Paul II. Calderini, insisting that the Contra Platonem had been written by the father, ferociously attacked George (esp. his contacts with the Sultan). Calderini's letter survives only in an incomplete copy. It was, however, used by Niccolò Perotti in the extremely successful Refutatio deliramentorum Georgii Trapezuntii.
Calderini's contacts with the humanists in Rome are attested from early on; from poems and letters we learn the names of Filippo Buonaccorsi, Lucio Fazini, Elio Marchese, Pomponio Leto, and Niccolò Perotti (a poem of Calderini was inserted by Perotti himself into the so-called codex Perottinus, Naples, Bibl. naz. IV F 58). Also there is a series of letters by Giovanni Antonio Campano, most of them from his stay at the diet in Regensburg as member of the familia of Francesco Piccolomini (1471). Calderini obviously had consolidated his position in Bessarion's household enough for Campano to beg his friend's intervention with Bessarion to obtain him employment in Rome.
Less than two weeks after Francesco Della Rovere was elected pope as Sixtus IV, Calderini on 20 Aug. 1471 was appointed participating apostolic secretary. The appointment, which was at first temporary, was probably due to the intervention of Bessarion. In the letter of appointment Calderini is called clericus Veronensis; it seems that he, like other curial humanists, had found it convenient to take lower orders to secure his advancement in the papal administration. Calderini became participating secretary with full privileges (numerarius) on 27 June 1474 — presumably through Giuliano Della Rovere (as whose familiaris continuus commensalis Calderini is named in the document). This post he retained till his death.
In 1472 Calderini followed Bessarion to France (Bessarion left Rome on 20 April). There are two letters of Calderini from that journey, addressed to the humanist Oliviero Palladio. Calderini does not mention the diplomatic mission of Bessarion, but gives a number of other details. When passing through Urbino, at the insistence of Bessarion he had composed an epigram to be incised on the ducal palace; in Milan he had spent a couple of days in the company of Filelfo and had not been impressed with his host's intellectual stature (various later contacts between the two are attested by Filelfo's letters).
In the manner of Renaissance bookhunters Calderini claimed to have found in Lyon a great amount of books. Amongst them he named the otherwise unknown Marius Rusticus, whose "historia" he praised as "cum perveterem tum ad studia nostra accomodatissimam". The phantom — for such it remained — reappeared in Calderini's Vita Suetoni, and in a marginal note in the dedication copy of the commentary on Martial. After Calderini's death, Poliziano searched (in vain) for the manuscript amongst the deceased's possessions. Of a similar nature was Calderini's claim that there existed in France twelve books of Asconius Pedianus, which he insisted Valla had plagiarized in the Elegantiae (Aldus Manutius, preface of the Statius-edition of 1502).
After Bessarion died on the return from France on 18 Nov. 1472 in Ravenna (he left 35 ducats to his secretary), Calderini remained close to the centers of political power at the curia. We find him now amongst the humanists around cardinal Pietro Riario, an influential nephew of Sixtus IV. From this period dates a number of poems by Calderini, mostly of panegyric content. Amongst them is a collection of epigrams concerning the myth of Hercules. They commemorate the representations during a banquett, which Riario gave on 7 June 1473 in honour of Eleonor of Aragon, spouse of Ercole d'Este, who on her way to Ferrara passed through Rome.
After the death of Pietro Riario (5 Jan. 1474), Calderini passed into the familia of another nephew of the pope, Giuliano Della Rovere, the future Julius II. When Giovanni Della Rovere, a brother of Giuliano, became prefect of the city of Rome, Calderini was charged with composing a panegyric in his honour, which he delivered on 18 Dec. 1475. In the following year Calderini accompanied Giuliano to France. The legation parted on 19 Feb. 1476 and seems to have remained in France until September. Calderini wrote an account of the voyage of which we have the beginning.
Concurrently with his career as a courtier Calderini maintained a noticeable scholarly activity. It is very likely that he began his university teaching in the academic year 1470-71. Among his students are named Aldo Manuzio, Marcantonio Sabellico, Pietro Marsi, and Partenio Minucio Pallini. The financial records of the gabella Studii show that Calderini was professor of Greek during the academic year 1472-73 and taught rhetoric the subsequent year. From Calderini's own writings we gather more details: besides Cicero (first course before fall 1473; we have also prolusions for De oratore from 1474, and De officiis later), and Ovid (Ibis, before Sept. 1474) he read Martial (spring 1472 or earlier?), Juvenal (1473/74), Silius Italicus (spring 1473), Statius (Silvae, before fall 1473), and Quintilian (fall 1475).
The lectures on Martial brought Calderini in confrontation with Niccolò Perotti. Calderini had lectured on Martial possibly before his departure to France in 1472; he claims that Perotti's criticisms against him had already started while Bessarion was still alive. If he had criticised Perotti in his lectures (as he did in the later commentary), it would hardly be surprising that Perotti (himself the author of a copious commentary on Martial) retaliated in public; in a letter addressed to Pomponio Leto he attacked Calderini's interpretations (spring of 1473). Calderini mounted a counterattack, the Apologia in Nicolaum Perottum, which is contained in the dedication manuscript of his Martial-commentary of September 1473. In the printed version of 22 March 1474 he anonymized his adversary; the work was now called Defensio cum recriminatione etc. The printed version of Calderini's commentary silently took into account some of Perotti's criticism; nevertheless he continued to attack Perotti's Martial-edition of April 1473; if only Perotti took part in his, Calderini's, Greek university course, he might eventually acquire some Greek, rather than having to rely on somebody else's help. He claims to have renounced a plan to expose the more than 200 mistakes in Perotti's Polybius-translation and other works, following the wish of his friends (dedication of the Martial to Gian Francesco Gonzaga). Perotti replied with verve calling his adversary Timon (after the misanthrope in Lukian's famous dialogue) and accused him of having plagiarized his own interpretations of Martial, circulating in manuscript. Calderini reacted with the Defensio adversus Brotheum grammaticum (joined with the Juvenal-commentary, 1. Sept. 1474), in which he rejected the explanations of his adversary of seven passages of Martial and attacked Perotti's edition of Pliny (7 May 1473). Brotheus (a play with Perotti's name) was a brilliant allusion to a character in Ovid's Ibis, who, as Calderini explained, was so ugly that even his parents could not tolerate his sight.
At the same time Calderini pursued a vendetta against a colleague from the Studio, Angelo Sani Sabino, who in Rome had published the Paradoxa in Iuvenalem (with dedication to Perotti, dated 9 Aug. 1474). Sabino had accused Calderini of plagiarism. Calderini retaliated swiftly in the Juvenal-commentary; noting with satisfaction that his adversary had been forced to leave the university, he claimed, that Sabino had used the recollecta of Calderini's students (he had lectured on Juvenal while preparing his commentary). Calderini continued his attacks on both Perotti and Sabinus in the publications of the following years.
The philological publications during the early years of Calderini's university appointment were dedicated to the authors he was lecturing on. The first one which can be dated was his commentary on Martial; Calderini presented a dedication copy to Lorenzo de'Medici, when he was in Florence in August and September 1473 (at the same time as his patron, who had been nominated archbishop of Florence on 20 June 1473). Calderini's work was the first humanistic commentary on a classical author to be printed; the printed version (Rome, Johannes Gensberg, 22 March 1474) contained some modifications and addenda et corrigenda and a new dedication to Gian Francesco Gonzaga.
In Florence Calderini became acquainted with humanists such as Ficino and Poliziano. The latter introduced him to the Florentine libraries; Calderini used the occasion to collate a Martial-manuscript in Beneventan script in the S. Marco-library. Back in Rome, Calderini tried to continue to use manuscripts from Florence. On 2 Oct. 1473 Lorenzo sent him a Greek Apollonius on loan; this was a manuscript from the S. Marco library (n° 1197 Ullman-Stadter), containing also a set of scholia, which Calderini used in the Propertius commentary. Subsequently Calderini obtained a Quintilian; furthermore, he wanted Niccolò Michelozzi to procure him a Pausanias to have it transcribed in Rome by Giovanni Rhosos (again from the S. Marco library, n° 1186, the now lost archetype of the Pausanias tradition; letter from 19 Aug. 1474); in the same letter he announced, that the Juvenal-commentary dedicated to Giuliano de'Medici was already at the bookbinder. It is probably due to the value of the Pausanias-manuscript as well as the deteriorating general political climate, that Calderini did not obtain the loan, although in the following years he sent repeated pleas to Lorenzo de'Medici himself. No further loans from Florence are known.
The dedication copy of the Juvenal is dated 1 Sept. 1474. It was printed together with the text of Juvenal in April 1475, surprisingly not in Rome, but in Venice. This is probably due to Marco Aurelio, secretary to the Venetian senate, who according to Calderini had sollicited the publication (Aurelio was on official missions in Rome in 1473 and 1475). On 7 Sept. 1474 his commentary on Ovid's Ibis was printed in Rome, also the result of a preceeding university course (one of his students, Pietro Marsi, used his lecture notes for his own commentary, which was finished slightly earlier); the volume was dedicated to the papal treasurer Falcone Sinibaldi.
Next came a miscellaneous volume (Rome, 13 Aug. 1475), containing the Silvae of Statius with commentary, dedicated to Agostino Maffei, an important curialist with close ties to the Riario family, the commentary to Ovid's Letter of Sappho and, dedicated to Francesco d'Aragona, the explanation of some difficult passages in Propertius (a commentary on Propertius is already mentioned in the Ibis of the preceding year); there follows a second letter to d'Aragona with the title Epilogus et προσφώνησις de Observationibus, and an excerpt ex tertio libro Observationum, containing comments on various passages of classical authors. The volume pinpoints the change in the political climate of Rome. In the dedication to Maffei, Calderini hailed two persons who were at the core of the anti-Florentine forces in Rome, Girolamo Riario and Francesco Salviati, who had been appointed bishop of Pisa in 1474 against the will of the Medici. The new alliance between the pope and the king of Naples Ferrante, who had visited Rome at length in the spring of 1475, finds a neat reflection in the dedication to his son Francesco. In the summer of the same year Calderini prepared for his students an edition of some declamations ascribed to Quintilian; the print was significantly dedicated to the Aragonese ambassador in Rome, Aniello Arcamone.
In the commentary to Ovid's letter of Sappho Calderini severely critizised Giorgio Merula, who retorted with the Adversus Domitii Calderini commentarios in Martialem (spring 1478). The controversy continued after Calderini's death with Cornelio Vitelli's attack on Merula, In defensionem Plinii et Domitii Calderini (ca. 1482, dedicated to Ermolao Barbaro).
Other commentaries of Calderini cannot be assigned a precise date. Amongst those finished, but not yet published, Calderini in the Epilogus announced Cicero (Letters to Atticus), Suetonius and Silius. When Girolamo Avanzi in the summer of 1491 was shown Calderini's library, he noticed besides the commentaries to the letters to Atticus and Silius also others on the politica Ciceronis officia and Ovid's Fasti. Since Avanzi in the same context refers to Calderini's habit of annotating his manuscripts, some of these commentaries may never have gotten into a definitive form. Of Suetonius we have parts in several manuscripts (also a vita Suetonii), whereas the commentary on Silius can be reconstructed from autograph notes as well as students' recollecta. Courses or commentaries on Virgil are never mentioned by Calderini; however, there is an extremely successful commentary on the Appendix Vergiliana printed under his name; also there are various fragments of a commentary on the Aeneid.
In the Epilogus Calderini had announced a shift in his philological production away from the writing of commentaries. In the preface to Maffei as well as in a letter to his nephew Bernardino Messanello, he mentioned three major projects, the translation of Pausanias, the edition of the tables of Ptolemaeus, and the Observationes. The Observationes were an innovative form of philological literature; when first announced in the Defensio, they were conceived as a vehicle for Calderini's polemics. Of the four books planned, two were to correct the corruptions introduced by Perotti into the text of Pliny. After Sabinus' Paradoxa had appeared, Calderini further specified (preface to the Ibis) that the first volume was to contain corrections of Sabinus' misguided interpretations of Juvenal. A new plan was announced in the preface to the Statius-commentary and the prosphônêsis in the same volume. The work was now to have three books, the first book containing observations on Pliny, the second and third treating problems in Roman poetry and prose, respectively. The excerpts from the third book mentioned above were the only pieces actually to be published. Quotations from Pausanias appear in Calderini's works already from the early 1470ies. After the unsuccessful attempts to obtain a copy of the Florentine Pausanias, the long planned translation finally could begin, when Calderini in 1477 had a copy made by Giorgio Tribizias from a manuscript in Venice (now Leiden, Bibl. Univ., B.P.G. 16 L); his translation, however, progressed only to the beginning of book two. The Ptolemy was a revision of the Latin translation of Iacopo Angeli di Scarperia, undertaken in collaboration with the Roman printer Conrad Sweynheym. After a lengthy period of preparation it was printed after the death of both collaborators in October 1478 by Arnold Buckinck. Calderini's preface, a dedication to Sixtus IV, remained unpublished.
Like many Roman humanists Calderini maintained contacts with his hometown, of which we catch isolated glimpses. In 1471 he wrote a letter of recommendation to cardinal Iacopo Ammanati for a work of the Veronese theologian Celso Maffei, in 1475 he dedicated the Statius-commentary to another member of the Maffei-family. In the letter from 1477 to his nephew he mentioned his efforts on behalf of various compatriots.
Calderini died from pest probably in June 1478; his successor as apostolic secretary, Francesco da Noceto, was nominated with a letter of 22 June 1478. His books were inherited by the family and were in the '90ies in the possession of his nephew Paolo.
Calderini's commentaries were extraordinarily successful; many of them remained standard works well into the next century. This stands in sharp contrast to the negative assessment of humanists such as Hermolao Barbaro, Antonius Codrus Urcaeus (Sermo I), and especially Politian; in chapter IX of the Miscellanea he bluntly stated that Calderini had combined the absence of intellectual honesty with a selfesteem which had prevented him from relinquishing even manifestly wrong opinions. In letter from 30 Nov. 1489 (3,19) he says: "I show Domitius to my students as one would show a pit to the traveller" ("Ego vero sic Domitium studiosis, quasi foveam viatoribus ostendo").
The miscellany Verona, Bibl. Capitolare CCLVII (cf. Kristeller, Iter 2 p.297) is the only witness for many of Calderini's works. It contains the praelectiones, the letter to his nephew, the translation of Pausanias, some parts of the Suetonius-commentary, the description of the legation to France of Giuliano Della Rovere, verses by Calderini and others to Pietro Riario, the dedication letter of the Ptolemy to Sixtus IV, the panegyric on Giovanni Della Rovere and the defence of Plato against Georg of Trebisond (collation of variants published by Monfasani, 223-24). Finally, there are also the verses of Calderini's friends commemorating him on his death.
Martial commentary. Laur. 53,33, presentation copy, dated 1 Sept. 1473, with autograph addenda and subscription.
Juvenal. Laur. Gadd. 165, first version, with autograph addenda; Laur. 53,2, presentation copy, written by Bartolomeo Sanvito.
Sueton. Parts in several mss.
Silius. Autograph notes and student's recollecta.
Vergil, Appendix Vergiliana. Vat. lat. 2740 and Rome, Cors., Niccolò Rossi 174; commentary on the Aeneid, fragments in Mon. lat. 807 and Bryn Mawr 16.
Apologia in Nicolaum Perottum Sepontinum ad Curelium Caraphium patruelem Cardinalis Neapolitani. 1473. (ms., with Martial); printed as: Defensio cum ...
Autograph letters are reproduced in Viti, Due lettere, tav. XLIII and XLIV, and in T. De Marinis-A. Perosa, Nuovi documenti, tav. XX.
Martial. 1474, commentary. Often reprinted. See Hausmann, Martialis, 264-65.
Ovid, Ibis. 1474. Commentary.
Juvenal. 1475. Text and comm. Many reprints. See Sanford, 218-21.
(Ps.)Quintilian, three Declamationes maiores (IX, X, VIII). Text. 1475.
Miscellaneous volume. 1475, containing: Statius, Silvae. Text of the Statius' prose preface; otherwise only commentary. Commentary to Ovid's Letter of Sappho, Elucubratio in quaedam Propertii loca quae difficiliora videbantur, Epilogus et προσφώνησις de observationibus, an excerpt ex tertio libro Observationum.
Pausanias. Book 1 and beginning of book 2. Translation. Printed posthumously. See George B. Parks, Pausanias. CTC II, Washington 1971, 216-17.
Ptolemy, Cosmographia. Revision of the transl. by Iacopo di Angelo da Scarperia. Printed posthumously 1478.
Defensio cum recriminatione in calumniatorem commentariorum in Martialem, quos nondum ediderat, ad Corelium patris amplissimi cardinalis Neapolitani nepotem (first print 1474, with Martial).
Defensio adversus Brotheum grammaticum, commentariorum Martialis calumniatorem cum recriminatione retaxationis Plinianae, in qua Brotheus ducentis et LXXV locis praestantissimum scriptorem depravavit. (1474, with Juvenal).
Appendix Vergiliana, posthumous print, ca. 1480, often reprinted (together with the opera omnia of Vergil).
Letters and speeches
Two letters to Oliviero Palladio, from France, 1472; the first doubly dated 19 and 21 June from Lion, the second 26 Aug., probably from Vernon in Turenne. Alessandro Perosa, Due lettere di Domizio Calderini. Rinascimento, 2. ser., vol. 13 (1973) 3-20: 6-7.
Letter to Niccolò Michelozzi, from Rome, 19 Aug. 1474. T. de Marinis-A. Perosa, Nuovi documenti per la storia del Rinascimento, Firenze 1970, p.58-59; Paolo Viti, Due lettere di Domizio Calderini. In: Filologia umanistica per Gianvito Resta, III, Padova 1997, 1939-53: 1941-42.
Two letters to Lorenzo de'Medici, from Rome, 28 Sept. (1476?, but see below) and 23 Oct. 1476 (in volgare). Viti, Due lettere, p. 1944-46.
Letter to his nephew Bernardino Messanelo, from Rome, 31 July (1477 ?). K. Müllner, Reden und Briefe italienischer Humanisten, Wien 1899, 211-13; Levi, Cenni, 82-84. Müllner's date of 1475 is rightly rejected by Perosa, Due lettere, p.4 n.1, who suggests 1476. In July 1476 Calderini was probably still in France (Giuliano Della Rovere arrived in Foligno only on 4 Oct.); also, if Calderini was born in 1446, the expression "aetatis meae annum trigesimum excessi [not expressi as Perosa]" would only be correct after the 31st birthday in 1477.
Letters of dedication (list in Perosa, Due lettere, p.3 n.1): To Lorenzo de'Medici (Martial), Frank-Rutger Hausmann, Martialis, Marcus Valerius. CTC 4 (Washington 1980) 262-63 (partially). — To Giovanni Francesco Gonzaga (Martial), ibid., 262 (partially). — To Giuliano de'Medici (Juvenal), Eva M. Sanford, Juvenalis, Decimus Junius. CTC 2 (Washington 1971) 218-19 (partially). — To Aniello Arcamone (Quintilian), Beriah Botfield, Praefationes et epistolae editionibus princibus auctorum veterum praepositae. Cantabrigiae 1861. 155-56. — To Francesco d'Aragona (Propertius), Coppini, Il Properzio, 50-51. — To Iacopo Ammanati (Celso Maffei's Dissuasoria, ca. 1471), Perosa, Due lettere, p.3 n.2.
Other prose works
Defensio cum recriminatione in calumniatorem commentariorum in Martialem, quos nondum ediderat, ad Corelium patris amplissimi cardinalis Neapolitani nepotem. Hausmann, Martialis, 263-64 (partially).
Panegyric in honour of Giovanni Della Rovere. 18 Dec. 1475. Egmont Lee, Sixtus IV and Men of Letters. Roma 1978. Temi e Testi 26, Appendix n° 7, p.213-17.
Donatella Coppini, Il Properzio di Domizio Calderini. In: Commentatori e traduttori di Properzio dall'umanesimo al Lachmann. Atti del convegno internazionale Assisi, 28-30 ottobre 1994, a cura di Giuseppe Catanzaro e Francesco Santucci. Assisi 1996. 27-79: 52-79.
Observationes, ed. M. Campanelli, in preparation.
Ovid, Ibis. Partially edited in Scholia in P. Ovidi Nasonis Ibin. Introduzione, testo, apparato critico e commento a c. di Antonio La Penna. Firenze 1959. [Biblioteca di studi superiori, XXXV].
Alessandro Perosa, Epigrammi conviviali di Domizio Calderini. Annali della Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa. Classe di lettere e filosofia. ser. 3 vol. IV, 3 (1974) 791-804. (Florence, Riccard. 915)
Alessandro Perosa, L' «Epigrammaton libellus» di Domizio Calderini in un codice della Bibliothèque Nationale di Parigi. In: Medioevo e Rinascimento Veneto con altri studi in onore di Lino Lazzarini. Medioevo e umanesimo 34-35 (Padua 1979) vol. I Dal duecento al quattrocento. pp. 499-527. (Paris Bibl. nat. lat. 8274). With a complete list of the known poems of Calderini.
Fundamental is: Alessandro Perosa, Calderini (Calderinus, Caldarinus, de Caldarinis), Domizio (Domitius, Domicius, Dominicus). DBI 16, Roma 1973, 597-605.
Maria Grazia Blasio, Lo Studium Urbis e la produzione romana a stampa: i corsi di retorica, latino e greco, in AA. VV., Un pontificato ed una città. Sisto IV (1471-1484). Atti del Convegno Roma, 3-7 dicembre 1984 a cura di M. Miglio et al. Città del Vaticano 1986. [Scuola Vaticana di Paleografia, Diplomatica e Archivistica. Littera Antiqua 5] 481-501.
Maria Cristina Dorati da Empoli, I lettori dello Studio e i maestri di grammatica a Roma da Sisto IV ad Alessandro VI. Rassegna degli Archivi di Stato 40, 1980, 98-147.
A. J. Dunston, Domitius Calderinus. In: AA. VV., Silius Italicus, Tiberius Catius Asconius. CTC III (Washington 1976) 383-87.
Gino Levi, Cenni intorno alla vita e agli scritti di Domizio Calderini. Padova 1900.
Giorgio Brugnoli, La 'praefatio in Suetonium' del Poliziano, Giornale italiano di filologia 10, 1957, 211-20 (on Marius Rusticus).
Maurizio Campanelli, Alcuni aspetti dell'esegesi umanistica di Atlas cum compare gibbo (Mart. VI 77 7-8). Res publica litterarum. Studies in the Classical Tradition. n.s. 21, 1998, 169-80. Donatella Coppini, Il commento a Properzio di Domizio Calderini. Annali della Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa. Classe di lettere e filosofia. ser. III, vol. IX, 3 (1979) 1119-73.
John Dunston, Studies in Domizio Calderini. IMU 11, 1968, 71-150.
Carlo Dionisotti, Calderini, Poliziano e altri. IMU 11, 1968, 151-185.
Paola Farenga, «Monumenta memoriae». Pietro Riario fra mito e storia. In: Un pontificato, cit., 179-216.
Paola Farenga, Il sistema delle dediche nella prima editoria romana del Quattrocento, in: Il libro a corte. A cura di Amedeo Quondam. Roma, Bulzoni 1994. [Biblioteca del Cinquecento 60] 57-87.
Frank-Rutger Hausmann, Martial in Italien. Studi Medievali XVII, 1976, 173-218.
Livia Martinoli Santini, Le traduzioni dal greco. In: Un pontificato, cit., 81-101.
John Monfasani, Il Perotti e la controversia tra Platonici ed Aristotelici. Res publica litterarum 4 (1981) 195-231. Repr. in: Byzantine Scholars in Renaissance Italy: Cardinal Bessarion and other Emigrés. Selected Essays. Aldershot, 1995.
Laura Onofri, Figure di potere e paradigmi culturali. In: Un pontificato, cit., 57-79.
Alessandro Perosa, Noterelle Pichiane. In: Miscellanea di Studi in onore di Vittore Branca III: Umanesimo e rinascimento a Firenze e Venezia. Firenze 1983, III,1, 334-35.
Giovanni Pozzi, Introduzione, Hermolai Barbari Castigationes Plinianiae et in Pomponium Melam, vol. I (Padova 1973) cxv-cxvii.
Paolo Saggese, Poliziano, Domizio Calderini e la tradizione del testo di Marziale. Maia 45, 1993, 185-95.
Fabio Stok, Perotti esegeta. In: Studi umanistici Piceni XIV (1994) 27-37.
Sebastiano Timpanaro, Atlas cum compare gibbo. Rinascimento II, 1951, 311-18.
Sebastiano Timpanaro, Noterelle su Domizio Calderini e Pietro Gordani. In: Tra Latino e Volgare per Carlo Dionisotti a c. di G. Bernardoni Trezzini et al. vol. I (= Medioevo e umanesimo 17) (Padova 1974) 709-16.
Johann Ramminger (17. Nov. 2005)